Salt Works

The making of pa‘akai—sea salt—was one of the significant traditional practices associated with the coastal lands of Honouliuli. There are a number of Māhele claims by native tenants of the larger Pu‘uloa land division for salt-making sites. While no specific claim was identified for the wetland or shoreline zone within the Hoakalei program area, it is reasonable to assume that the making of pa‘akai was done in the area.

The formation of a salt works business at Pu‘uloa led to continuing residency along the Pākule, Keahi, and Kupaka shoreline leading towards One‘ula. The Pu‘uloa Salt Works was in operation from the 1840s to the early 1900s.

Oral History Interview: Thelma Genevieve Parish

Thelma Genevieve Parish, a.k.a. Sister Parish, was born in 1918. She descended from prominent families in the history of Hawai‘i, and shared generational ties to the ‘ili of Pu‘uloa in Honouliuli Ahupua‘a. She was educated as an anthropologist, and became a Catholic nun serving for 50 years as a teacher and school administrator with the Order of Sacred Hearts. Sister Parish was a lifelong student of history and until her passing in 2004, she was working on a manuscript of Hawaiian history. Unfortunately her work has been left incomplete.

Conveyances of Puuloa Salt Works

This is a lease of Puuloa Salt Works from M. Kekauonohi to I. Montgomery. It is a conveyance record on file at the Bureau of Conveyances.

Olelo Hoolimalima

Mawaena o M. Kekauonohi ma kekahi aoao a me Isaac Montgomery ma kekahi aoao.

Ke ae aku nei o M. Kekauonohi e lilo ia Isaac Montgomery kona Loko paakai ma Puuloa, Mokupuni o Oahu, no na makahiki eono mai keia la aku.

Pa‘akai: Salt Making, 1852–1922

The making of pa‘akai—sea salt—was one of the significant traditional practices associated with the coastal lands of Honouliuli. There are a number of Māhele claims by native tenants of the larger Pu‘uloa land division for salt-making sites. While no specific claim was identified for the wetland or shoreline zone within the Hoakalei program area, it is reasonable to assume that the making of pa‘akai was done in the area.

An Itinerary of the Hawaiian Islands, 1880, with a Description of the Principal Towns and Places of Interest—Developments in the ‘Ewa District and Moanalua

George Bowser, compiler and editor of The Hawaiian Kingdom Statistical and Commercial Directory and Tourists Guide [5], documented various statistics and places of interest throughout the Hawaiian Islands. The following excerpts from Bowser’s publication provide readers with descriptions of travel through the ‘Ewa District at the time. He describes the landscape, communities, and development in the region.