George Bowser, compiler and editor of The Hawaiian Kingdom Statistical and Commercial Directory and Tourists Guide , documented various statistics and places of interest throughout the Hawaiian Islands. The following excerpts from Bowser’s publication provide readers with descriptions of travel through the ‘Ewa District at the time. He describes the landscape, communities, and development in the region.
By this time, James Campbell’s Honouliuli ranch is in full operation, and an artesian well has been tapped. At Pu‘uloa, James Dowsett was operating a 500 acre salt works, providing salt to the Honolulu market.
Entering the ‘Ewa District from Wai‘anae, Bowser reported,
My next halting place after leaving Nanakuli, was at Honouliuli, at Mr. James Campbell’s. This gentleman owns, also, the Kahuku ranch, on the extreme north point of the Island, of which I have already spoken. The Honouliuli ranch is an extensive property. The main road runs through it for about twelve miles, and the general breadth is seldom less than four miles. The surveyed area is 43,250 acres. One large tract of this land is perfectly level, with the exception of a few acres near the centre, where there is a knoll of rising ground.
From Mr. Campbell’s veranda, looking eastward, you have one of the most splendid sights imaginable. Below the house there are two lochs, or lagoons, covered with water fowl, and celebrated for their plentiful supply of fish, chiefly mullet. In the far distance, some twenty miles away, you can see the range of mountains which form the backbone of the island. It was on the northeastern side of the mountains that the earlier part of my ride was taken. The chain runs from Mr. Campbell’s place at Kahuku, a way to the easternmost point of the island. The soil at Honouliuli is good, and, with the aid of irrigation, will grow anything. In the meantime, it is wholly pasture land, but the means of irrigation have recently been secured by Mr. Campbell, who has sunk an artesian well to the depth of 273 feet. This well has delivered a continuous stream of water equal to 2,400 gallons per hour, ever since the supply from which the present flow comes, was struck on the 22d of September, 1879. Besides Mr. Campbell’s residence, which is pleasantly situated and surrounded with ornamental and shade trees, there are at Honouliuli two churches and a school house, with a little village of native huts.
Leaving Mr. Campbell’s, I came next at Waipio…
…At Puuloa, seven miles from Honolulu, are the salt works of Mr. James I. Dowsett, which are on a very extensive scale. The inclosure of the salt works measures about 500 acres, and there are over 1,600 acres of pasture attached to the property, the whole of which is Mr. Dowsett’s freehold. A mile further on is the Halawa Ranch of Messrs. Dowsett & Williams. [5:495–497]